Global society is currently grappling with the challenge of climate change, or what is known as the climate crisis. The climate crisis refers to extreme changes in temperature and weather patterns that occur over the long term. One of the significant impacts of the climate crisis has triggered the emergence of new problems, namely food insecurity.
Food availability throughout the world is increasingly minimal due to the climate crisis. Hot weather, drought, floods, forest fires, extreme snow, and excess air humidity greatly limit plant growth.
As a result, not only is food stock limited, but the quality of the food in terms of the nutritional content we eat is also greatly reduced. Limited stock also makes food prices higher. It is not impossible that in the future we will no longer be able to choose what we want to eat because the food we currently enjoy is scarce due to the climate crisis.
The following series of foodstuffs are threatened with shortages due to the climate crisis.
Rice plants are threatened with a decline in productivity of 20-40 percent. Based on a report by Fitch Solutions Country Risk & Industry Research, as many as 3.5 billion global residents will be affected by a global rice production deficit of 8.7 million tonnes in 2023.
This condition is the worst rice deficit in the world in the last two decades. As a result, rice prices are expected to remain around current highs until 2024.
The causes of the global rice supply shortage are varied, starting from a significant decline in production due to bad weather in the largest rice producing countries such as China and Pakistan, as well as the war in Ukraine. Quoted via CNBC Indonesia, senior analyst at global food and agriculture bank Rabobank, Oscar Tjakra, warned that the impact of this condition would increase the cost of rice imports for large rice importing countries such as Indonesia.
The Indonesian sea is currently experiencing a temperature increase of more than 0.5 degrees Celsius and will continue to warm in the next decades. The climate crisis has affected the population, distribution and migration behavior of marine biota.
Moreover, the party most disadvantaged by this condition is none other than small-scale fishermen. According to the Mongabay website, fish catches are predicted to decrease by 20-30 percent in all regions by 2050. The fish catches most affected are sardines, selar tetengek, mackerel and skipjack.
Soybean raw material for tempeh/Photo: Freepik.com/Edgunn
Argentina, as one of the largest soybean producers in the world, experienced a decline in production of 4.5 million tonnes in the 2022–2023 period. Not to mention, soybean production in Ukraine throughout 2022–2023 will also decline to around 400 thousand tons due to the war.
Hot temperatures and drought affect world soybean production, which has an impact on Indonesia. So, don’t be surprised if in the future there is a possibility that tempeh and tofu will no longer be labeled as cheap food.
4. Chocolate and Coffee
Historically, coffee and chocolate commodities have long been considered luxury goods. However, chocolate and coffee could become rare and luxurious foods again due to rising temperatures, longer dry seasons, less rainfall, and new pests and diseases.
Environmental changes and unsustainable agricultural techniques have caused a crisis in cocoa and coffee production, even reducing their quality. According to the BBC, climate change could wipe out half of the land used for growing coffee worldwide by 2050, according to a 2015 study.
Harvest failure has caused chili production in the 2023 period to fall by more than 50 percent. The climate crisis makes chilies susceptible to disease so that their productivity decreases.
This condition can lead to an increase in the price of chilies which soars due to high demand. It was observed that the average price of red cayenne pepper in DKI Newsdelivers.com as of Tuesday (28/11/2023) reached IDR 102,463/kg.
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