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Before carrying out worship, we must be clean from small and large hadas. Small hadas can be removed by performing ablution, while large hadas can be removed by taking a mandatory bath or junub bath.
When we carry out the obligatory bath or junub bath, the legal requirement is to wash with water evenly from head to toe without missing any positions.
However, if there is a wound on a part of the body and it is recommended by a doctor or medical community that the wound should not be exposed to water, then junub bathing or mandatory bathing in that area should not be exposed to water.
So what exactly is obligatory bathing? Why and how do you do obligatory bathing if you have a wound like that?
What is mandatory bathing?
Linguistically bathing comes from the word Al-Ghuslu, which means to purify with water and spread the water all over the body from head to toe with clean water. Meanwhile, in general, bathing is cleaning the body parts from head to toe.
Then, if bathing is mandatory, it is the process of purifying oneself or removing large hadas attached to the body parts by pouring water from head to toe in a predetermined manner.
Obligatory bathing becomes important in conditions such as menstruation and childbirth, discharge of semen (after Junub), due to death, and so on. In Islam, if we are in this condition, a person is prohibited from praying, reading the Koran, fasting, entering the mosque, and carrying out other forms of worship.
If someone does not perform a valid and perfect obligatory bath then the worship we do will not be accepted by Allah SWT.
Allah also says in QS An-Nisa verse 43:
O you who have believed, do not approach prayer while you are intoxicated until you know what you are saying, nor in a state of ritual impurity except as passers-by until you have washed yourself.
“O you who believe, do not pray while you are drunk, until you understand what you are saying, and (do not approach the mosque) while you are in a state of junub, except just passing by, until you bathe (junub) “.
Mandatory Bathing Procedures If There Are Wounds That Can’t Get Water
Islam is a religion that offers many facilities and ease for its people who want to worship.
For example, if you cannot pray standing then lie down, if you cannot perform ablution then perform tayammumlah, if you cannot take a mandatory bath because there is a wound that should not be exposed to water then the wound should not be exposed to water, the method is as follows:
1. Get treatment
If someone is injured and is in a state of hadas, then seeking treatment is mandatory for this.
The Prophet said;
God has sent down the disease and the cure, and made a cure for every disease, so seek treatment, but do not seek treatment with something forbidden.
Meaning: “Indeed, Allah has sent down diseases and their remedies, and provides medicine for every disease. Therefore, seek treatment, and do not seek treatment with anything that is haram.” (HR. Abu Darda).
2. Avoid Injuries
M. Arifin in his book entitled Qur’an & Answer: 101 Everyday Religious Questions explains that bathing is mandatory if there is a wound on a part of the body that should not be exposed to water, so it is permissible to avoid the wound. Because it is an emergency.
When performing ablution or bathing, it is mandatory that if there is a wound that should not be exposed to water, it is permissible not to wipe that area, but if the part of the body is not in pain then it is mandatory to clean the entire body without missing anything.
Syafi’iyah scholar Sayyid Sabiq explains in the book Fiqh Sunnah, if the wound is covered with a bandage, then bathing must be done by wiping the outside of the bandage. This is the same as washing the whole body.
3. Staying home
In Tafsir Al Azhar Volume 2 by Hamka it is explained that a Muslim can perform tayammum to replace the obligatory bath or ablution if in an emergency, such as the absence of water (drought), if he is on a journey or not on a journey and suffers misfortune and makes his body parts cannot exposed to water, if exposed to water then the pain will get worse. This is allowed for tayammum.
Allah says in QS An-Nisa verse 29:
And do not kill yourselves
It means; “Do not kill yourself.”
Likewise based on the hadith narrated by Jabir RA:
We went out on a journey, and one of us was hit by a stone and cracked his head. Then he had a wet dream, so he asked his companions and said: Do you find permission for me to perform tayammum? They said: We find no relief for you since you can walk on water. So he took a bath and died. When we came to the Prophet, may God bless him and grant him peace, he was informed of that, and he said: They killed him, God killed them. Did they not ask when they did not know? The only thing to heal the sick person was to ask. It was sufficient for him to perform tayammum and squeeze (or bind) – Moses doubted – a rag over his wound, then wipe over it and wash the rest of his body. �
Meaning: “We set out on a journey, then one of us was hit by a stone and injured his head. Then the person had a wet dream, so he asked his companions, ‘Do you think there is any relief for me to be able to tayammum?’
They replied, ‘We see that you do not get relief because you are able to use water.’ Then he took a bath and then died. When we arrived in front of the Prophet SAW, the incident was told to him SAW. He said, ‘They have killed him. May God reward them. Don’t they ask if they don’t know? Because the cure for ignorance is to ask. Indeed, he was enough to be tayammum and bandaged (musa’s narrator doubted the second diction) with cloth for his wound. Then, he can wipe over his cloth, and wash other parts of the body.”
It is permissible to worry that the wound will get worse if exposed to water, so tayammum is one solution.
(Alfiani Fatimah Zahro/nap)
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