Ovarian cysts are a fairly common condition experienced by women. However, if diagnosed late, it can affect fertility. Is frequently late menstruation a sign that someone has a cyst? Listen to the doctor’s words, come on, Mother.
According to the Cleveland Clinic website, an ovarian cyst is a sac filled with fluid or semi-solid material that forms on or inside one or both ovaries. The ovaries are small organs in the pelvis that hold eggs and make hormones, such as estrogen and progesterone.
Usually ovarian cysts do not cause symptoms. A woman probably won’t know she has it unless a doctor finds it during a routine pelvic exam.
SCROLL TO CONTINUE WITH CONTENT
Cysts commonly occur in women aged between 30-40 years. However, these cysts can form at any age, from puberty to menopause.
Types of ovarian cysts
There are various types of ovarian cysts, most of which are painless and harmless (benign). And rarely, ovarian cysts can cause complications.
Scheduling regular pelvic exams and talking to a healthcare provider about any symptoms you may be experiencing can help prevent cyst problems.
Most ovarian cysts are functional cysts. These cysts form in response to body changes during the menstrual cycle. Less commonly, ovarian cysts form for reasons unrelated to menstruation.
1. Functional cyst
Functional cysts are the most common type of ovarian cyst and are not associated with disease. Functional cysts occur as a result of ovulation (release of an egg from the ovary).
These cysts can be a sign that the ovaries are functioning as they should. Functional cysts generally shrink over time, usually within 60 days, without special treatment.
2. Follicular cyst
Tiny sacs in the ovaries, called follicles, release an egg every month as part of the menstrual cycle. Follicular cysts form when the follicle does not release an egg. Instead, the follicles fill with fluid and grow larger.
3. Corpus luteum cyst
After the follicle releases the egg, it forms a group of hormone-producing cells called the corpus luteum. Cysts form when fluid collects in the corpus luteum, causing it to grow.
4. Other cysts
Not all ovarian cysts form in response to the menstrual cycle. Symptoms are not always signs of disease, but your doctor may want to monitor them to make sure they are not causing complications. The cysts in question include:
Cystadenoma. These cysts form on the surface of the ovary, and can contain fluid that is thin and watery or thicker and mucus-like. Dermoid cyst (teratoma). Dermoid cysts consist of cells that make up all types of tissue in the human body, from skin, hair, teeth, and even brain tissue. Endometrioma. These cysts contain endometrial tissue, the same tissue that bleeds every month during menstruation. Ovarian cancer. In contrast to the conditions above, ovarian cancer cysts (tumors) are dense collections of cancer cells.
Doctor’s illustration/ Photo: Getty Images/iStockphoto/eggeeggjiew
Cysts affect menstruation?
Some people may wonder whether this cyst causes menstrual disorders. Stacy Henigsman, a specialist in obstetrics and gynecology, said that ovarian cysts are another common cause of missed or irregular periods.
“This is a fluid-filled sac that forms in the ovaries, potentially causing irregular or abnormal vaginal bleeding,” said Henigsman as quoted by Medicalnewstoday.
Ovarian cysts generally interfere with menstruation such as:
Irregular menstrual cycle, the number of days can be shorter or longer than usual. Heavy and abnormal menstrual bleeding, sometimes menstrual blood is profuse or clotted, dark black in color. Menorrhagia, heavy bleeding, prolonged menstrual days, sometimes more than 10 menstrual days.
However, the menstrual cycle of cyst sufferers can also be no different from normal menstruation, making it difficult to detect the characteristics of cysts just from when and how you menstruate.
One way to check cysts is to look for changes in texture or blood clots that come out during menstruation.
The color of normal menstrual blood clots varies from bright to dark red. Meanwhile, the time span for normal menstrual bleeding should follow a regular cycle.
“The typical cycle is between 21 and 45 days and can potentially change monthly,” says Carrie Coleman, MD, clinical instructor in the Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Massachusetts General Hospital.
Meanwhile, cyst blood clots or abnormal blood clots may be different from normal menstruation, especially if they last more than 7 days. If it lasts more than a week, it could be a signal of a reproductive health problem.
Characteristics of a cyst can be the release of new blood clots that have never appeared before. Blood clots larger than the size of a quarter.
The blood flow is so heavy that you have to change the sanitary napkin every hour. Mothers also often experience bleeding or spotting both before and after menstruation.
Abnormal blood clots can be one of the characteristics of menstruation for people with ovarian cysts
To detect ovarian cysts early, women should have regular gynecological examinations every 6 months.
Apart from detecting ovarian cysts, gynecological examinations can also detect abnormalities early or if the above symptoms appear, especially prolonged menstrual disorders, it is recommended to visit a health facility for diagnosis.
Timely treatment of ovarian cysts is not expected to affect a woman’s future fertility.
Causes of ovarian cysts
Ovulation is the main cause of ovarian cysts. Other causes include:
Abnormal cell reproduction. Unusual cell reproduction can cause the formation of cysts such as dermoids and cystadenomas. Endometriosis. These cysts often form on the ovaries in advanced stages of endometriosis. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). Severe pelvic infections can spread to the ovaries and cause cysts.
For mothers who want to share about parenting and get lots of giveaways, come join the HaiBunda Squad community. Register click HERE. Free!