Experiencing green vaginal discharge during pregnancy will certainly make mothers wonder. Are the conditions safe for the fetus and pregnancy itself?
Naturally, the body will release a fluid called vaginal discharge, which is a mixture of cells and body fluids. The characteristics of normal vaginal discharge vary depending on the stage of the menstrual cycle, including different consistencies and colors.
Meanwhile, green vaginal discharge is often considered a sign of infection, and this requires extra attention, especially during pregnancy. Reported by Healthline, if you experience green discharge, you should immediately consult a doctor.
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Causes of green discharge
Green vaginal discharge can be an indicator of an infection that may affect your pregnancy. Some common causes of green vaginal mucus include chlamydia, gonorrhea, and trichomoniasis. What kind of condition is that? Here’s the explanation!
Chlamydia infection, a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis, is often asymptomatic in most people, including pregnant women. However, when symptoms do appear, they can include abnormal vaginal discharge, often green in color, an unpleasant vaginal odor, a burning or itching sensation, discomfort during urination, and bleeding after sex.
It is important to note that untreated chlamydia infection during pregnancy can have serious consequences, including the risk of premature labor, low birth weight, conjunctivitis in the newborn (ophthalmia neonatorum), and pneumonia in the newborn.
As a preventive measure, during the first prenatal visit, the doctor will perform a test for chlamydia. If the test results indicate infection, retesting is recommended 3 weeks and 3 months after completion of treatment. Chlamydia treatment is done through antibiotics, such as azithromycin or doxycycline, to treat the infection and reduce the risk of complications in pregnancy.
Gonorrhea, a sexually transmitted infection common in adults, is often asymptomatic in most people, including pregnant women. However, for those who do experience symptoms, the symptoms are often mild and can be mistaken for an infection of the reproductive tract or bladder. Some people may experience abnormal green vaginal discharge, an unpleasant vaginal odor, a burning or itching sensation, discomfort when urinating, and vaginal bleeding between menstrual periods.
If you are pregnant, gonorrhea infection can be transmitted during childbirth, increasing the risk of the baby experiencing blindness, joint infections, blood infections, and wounds on the scalp.
During prenatal visits, doctors usually screen for gonorrhea, especially if you are in a high-risk category.
Gonorrhea treatment involves administering two types of drugs, such as ceftriaxone and azithromycin, simultaneously (dual therapy). It is important to remember that treating gonorrhea is becoming increasingly difficult due to increasing antimicrobial resistance. If symptoms persist after treatment, consult a doctor for re-evaluation.
Trichomoniasis, a common sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by the parasite Trichomonas vaginalis.
Symptoms of trichomoniasis are often mild or even invisible in most sufferers, including pregnant women. Symptoms that appear include abnormal green vaginal discharge, unpleasant vaginal odor, redness of the genitals, burning or itching sensation, discomfort when urinating, and discomfort during sex.
In pregnancy, if you have trichomoniasis, some of the risks involve premature delivery, a baby with a low birth weight, and transmission of the infection to the baby.
Testing for trichomoniasis involves a doctor’s diagnosis through examining a sample of vaginal fluid under a microscope. Conventional methods such as implanted cultures are now being replaced by faster tests, such as nucleic acid amplification and rapid antigen tests.
Risk factors for trichomoniasis are those who frequently change partners, a previous history of trichomoniasis, a history of other STIs, and not using protection when having sex. Doctors usually prescribe certain drugs for treatment, keeping in mind that after treatment, there is a possibility of being infected again.
If you are pregnant and experience green vaginal discharge, immediately make an appointment with a doctor. Green vaginal discharge can indicate a possible infection.
This kind of infection has the potential to cause serious complications for your health and pregnancy. The doctor will provide immediate treatment to treat the infection. This is important to maintain the mother’s health and the development of the pregnancy well.
Side effects of green vaginal discharge for the fetus
Abnormal vaginal discharge in pregnant women does not always pose a serious risk, especially if it is caused by a fungal infection. Even so, still be careful.
This is due to the presence of an abnormal type of vaginal discharge caused by bacterial infection and trichomoniasis, which can result in complications during pregnancy, such as premature birth, babies with low birth weight, infection of the amniotic fluid, or infection in the baby after birth. This condition needs to be treated immediately with the help of a medical professional to prevent potential risks to the health of the fetus.
How to treat green vaginal discharge during pregnancy
How to treat green vaginal discharge during pregnancy needs to be done carefully, considering safety factors for the fetus. It is important to consult a doctor before starting self-medication. The doctor will perform an examination and may perform tests to determine the cause of the green vaginal discharge.
Treatment usually involves administering antibiotics that are safe to use during pregnancy. In addition, keeping the genital area clean, wearing comfortable and breathable underwear, and avoiding chemicals that can irritate can help reduce vaginal discharge. In every step of treatment, the safety and health of the fetus must always be the main priority.
That is the information regarding green vaginal discharge in pregnant women, immediately consult a doctor to get the right treatment.
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