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The discovery of a Juno jar during an excavation by an Israeli archaeologist team in the Ophel area, Jerusalem in 2012 became a public highlight.
The ancient jar turned out to be a relic of King Solomon aka Prophet Sulaiman in Islamic teachings.
Jewish teachings know Prophet Solomon by the name of King Solomon who is the son of King David.
Meanwhile, Islam mentions the Prophet Solomon as the third wise king of Israel.
Prophet Sulaiman, as a powerful king, was said to have had abundant wealth hidden somewhere.
Archaeologists were only able to solve the puzzle of the meaning of the treasure after 11 years.
Daniel Vainstub, an archaeologist from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, was the figure who succeeded in deciphering the meaning of the words carved on the urn’s neck fragment.
Over the last ten years, there have actually been more than ten researchers who have proposed the meaning of the words carved on the neck of King Salomon’s ancient urn.
Even so, the proposals of the 10 researchers were never suitable and agreed upon by other experts.
Reporting from Live Science, Dr. Daniel then revealed the meaning of the word through a study published in the Jerusalem Journal of Archaeology.
Daniel also said that the words engraved on the neck of the urn were “Ladanium 5”.
The word “Ladanium 5” apparently refers to the sap of an aromatic plant called Labdanum or Cistus Ladanifer which was previously used to make incense or incense.
The carving of the word uses Ancient South Arabic characters in the Sabaean language.
Usually, the Sabaean language was used in the Kingdom of Sheba (Yemen) in Biblical times in the Arabian Peninsula.
Archaeologists believe that the carvings are the oldest writings using Old South Arabian script.
Meanwhile, six other large jugs were also discovered during excavations for ancient objects in 2012 in Ophel, Jerusalem, Israel.
These jugs are thought to date from the 10th century BC (BC).
Researchers also consider that these jugs are a sign of the relationship between King Solomon and the Kingdom of Sheba.
This research explains the role of the Kingdom of Sheba in cultivating plants for the production of perfume and incense.
On the other hand, Solomon’s Kingdom was the master of the trade route that crossed the Negev desert to the Mediterranean docks.
“Deciphering the inscription on this urn teaches us not only about the presence of a Sabaean speaker in Israel during the time of King Solomon, but also about the system of geopolitical relations in our region at that time,” said Daniel Vainstub.
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