Pencak silat at the 2018 Asian Games. Photo: SINDOnews/Susanto
JAKARTA – The typical Indonesian martial art, pencak silat, is currently quite well known in Asia, has several basic techniques that are interesting to know. This typical Indonesian martial art consists of several basic movements such as punches, kicks, parries and stances.
Below is a review of the 7 basic pencak silat techniques:
1. Pencak Silat stance
The basic stances of pencak silat are static stances that are performed to train the strength of the leg and foot muscles before performing dynamic movements. Attitudes in pencak silat are divided into four, including:
Respect: Used to respect friends and enemies with a straight body position, legs together, hands in front of the chest open, and fingers facing upwards.
Upright Stance: Ready to stand upright in pencak silat.
Sitting Stance: The basic stance in the down game.
Set Stance: The initial stance to attack or defend.
2. Pencak Silat stances
The stance in pencak silat is a basic technique that focuses on the position of the legs to maintain balance while attacking and defending against an opponent’s attack. The horses in pencak silat are divided into 5 types, including:
Pencak silat teaches fighters to move in eight cardinal directions to increase flexibility when attacking or defending. This technique allows the fighter’s position to always be dynamic and not fixed in one spot.
4. Step Pattern
Step patterns are tactical foot movements to gain an advantageous position when dealing with an opponent. Step patterns include straight movements, zig-zags, U and S steps, triangles, and rectangles.
5. Pencak Silat Arm Attack Technique
Pencak Silat focuses on the use of the arms and legs. The arms have an important role as a means of attack and self-defense. The technique of using the arm as an attack tool is known as a punch, and there are various types of punches discussed, especially at the basic level.
6. Pencak Silat Foot Attack Technique
In pencak silat, attacks can be carried out using the legs which are better known as kicks. This description discusses basic kicking techniques that require strength and speed.
7. Pencak Silat Defense Technique
Defense is an attempt to protect oneself from an opponent’s attack by moving one’s body parts or diverting the opponent’s attack so that it does not hit the body. Martial arts techniques must be adapted to the form, direction and position of the opponent’s attack, including body positions such as partners, stances and posture. Self-defense techniques are divided into three levels: basic, advanced, and advanced.
These are the basic techniques of pencak silat which are interesting to know. Hopefully this information is useful for those of you who want to know more about the typical Indonesian martial art, pencak silat.