Brilio.net – This woman is the flower of his heart. In front of the fence, there was a courier carrying the package he had been waiting for. He had been waiting anxiously since checking out at one of the well-known e-commerce sites. Finally, the flagship smartphone he has been aiming for for a long time is now in his hands.
The happy smile on this woman’s face immediately turned sour. Instead of making you happy when you opened it, the package actually contained a stone. As a result of being deceived by cheap promos, he admitted that he suffered a loss of more than IDR 10 million.
The viral story above apparently didn’t just happen once or twice. Many other victims experienced the same incident. In fact, from 2017 to 2022, the CekRekening.id service from the Ministry of Communication and Information has received approximately 486,000 reports from the public related to information crimes and electronic transactions.
The Indonesian Consumers Foundation (YLKI) in its report said that complaints related to e-commerce always increase from year to year. In fact, in the last five years, e-commerce complaints have entered the top three, you know.
In the YLKI report, the report regarding e-commerce in 2022 is related to 4 things. Starting from inappropriate goods (20%), refunds (32%), unilateral cancellations (8%), and goods not arriving (7%).
Well, most of the victims of this fraud admit that they were attracted by the discount offered. Usually this happens on twin dates such as 10.10, 11.11, and others. Apart from that, there is also a feeling of fear of missing out, aka Fear of Missing Out or FOMO.
What is FOMO?
The term FOMO became popular in 2004, according to the World Journal of Clinical Cases. In the publication, FOMO is the perception of missing out on something that is happening. This perception gives rise to excessive worry, fear or anxiety.
FOMO symptoms can also interfere with daily life. According to the Technological Forecasting and Social Change report in 2021, FOMO can make someone open social media too often. Often compare yourself with other people on social media. FOMO can also make it difficult for people to concentrate. In fact, Dr. Halley Pontes from Nottingham Trent University, England in the journal Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking said that FOMO can worsen social media addiction.
This feeling of FOMO is often used by online fraudsters to deceive their victims. Various kinds of online traps are spread all over the internet. There are so many that if you slip up a little, you could be the next victim.
Twin date promotions are often exploited by bad people. In 2019, Kaspersky Lab released a report that they detected a spike in phishing attacks on the twin date, November 11 2018. Data states that a few days before the twin date, phishing attacks occurred more than 950 thousand times.
Phishing traps target those who are not careful when shopping. Massive promotions and discounts become bait to catch poor victims. Important data such as usernames, passwords, bank account PINs, and others will immediately be sucked up when tempted by cheap prices. When a user clicks on a phishing link, it is certain that the data will be immediately taken over by criminals.
Viral PDF File Trap.
Those of you who have FOMO are careful when downloading files of unknown type from anywhere. Criminals can infiltrate irresponsible files directly into smartphones. The mode is also very clever. This malicious file is disguised as a PDF file which will be distributed via instant messaging applications.
At first glance, this file is similar to the PDF format in general. But it turns out, the file is in Apk format. This format is commonly used to install applications outside the Google Play Store. As a result, users who are not careful will install the file on their smartphone.
Suddenly the money in your bank account will run out. In short, this file is able to drain important data such as account numbers, PINs and bank passwords from mobile banking applications on smartphones.
Apart from the two traps above, there are many more clever traps that target even the smartest discount hunters. Once you experience FOMO, sometimes logic and reason don’t apply. Increasingly heavy lifestyle and social demands make anyone forget themselves. Online shopping fraud will become more widespread and uncontrollable.
Is there a solution?
The person in charge of the ITE Crime Complaints Service, the Information Application Control Directorate of the Ministry of Communication and Information, said there are several steps to avoid online fraud.
On its official website, Kominfo shares several tips. First, don’t be easily tempted by cheap prices. Always re-read reviews or reviews from other buyers. Be alert if you receive an OTP code. And of course, always check the identity of the seller.
Additionally, a breath of fresh air is blowing for online discount hunters. Recently, a “virus” has gone viral that can suppress uncontrolled FOMO desires. The VOMO virus is thought to be able to suppress impulsive buying so that it can protect buyers from the dangers of online traps.
The hashtag #RememberVOMO is starting to appear on various social media. Slowly but surely, this VOMO “Virus” is helping twin date discount hunters to avoid the online traps that are increasingly rampant.