Suara.com – The celebration of the birthday of the Prophet SAW is just around the corner. But do you know the history? So, for complete details, here is the complete history of the birthday of the Prophet Muhammad SAW.
It is known that the Prophet’s birthday is a celebration as a form of feeling grateful for the birth of the Prophet Muhammad SAW which falls on the 12th of Rabiul Awwal. The celebration of the Prophet’s birthday is a tradition held by Muslims all over the world.
Maybe there are still a number of Muslims who don’t know about the history of the Prophet’s birthday. Therefore, in this article we will review the complete history of the birthday of the Prophet Muhammad SAW.
The history of the birth of the Prophet SAW
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Reporting from the Ministry of Religion of the Republic of Indonesia (14/9/2023), the Prophet’s birthday is taken from Arabic, namely “Maulid” which means milad or birth and “Nabi” which means referring to the Prophet Muhammad SAW.
From this understanding, it can be concluded that the Prophet’s birthday is an activity to celebrate the birth of the Prophet SAW by reminiscing about the story of the Prophet SAW from birth to death.
Reporting from the NU Online page (14/9/2023), celebrating the birthday of the Prophet SAW has become a tradition in Arab society that began in the second year of the Hijriyah.
A number of Islamic historians agree that the person who first held a celebration or commemoration of the Prophet’s birthday was Sultan Al-Muzhaffar. This is stated in the following book al-Hawi lil Fatawi by Imam Jalaluddin Abdurahman as-Suyuthi.
The first person to do this was the owner of Arbil, King Muzaffar Abu Sa`id Kukbari bin Zain al-Din Ali Ibn Baktkin, one of the ancient kings. He was serious and generous, and he had good works. He was the one who built the Al-Muzaffari Mosque at the foot of Qasioun.
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Meaning: “The person who first held the ceremony (the Prophet’s birthday) was the ruler of Irbil, namely King Muzhaffar Abu Said Kuukemburi bin Zainuddin Ali ibn Evidencein, one of the noble, great and generous kings. He also has a good track record. And , he was the one who continued the construction of the al-Muzhaffari Mosque at the foot of Mount Qasiyun.” (Imam as-Suyuthi, al-Hawi lil Fatawi, juz I, page 182).
The book states that Sultan Al-Muzhaffar was a generous and wise ruler. Sultan Al-Muzhaffar was also the one who continued the construction of the al Muzhaffari Mosque which is at the foot of Mount Qasiyun
Since then, the celebration of the Prophet SAW’s birthday in the month of Rabiul Awwal, which was initially only celebrated by Arab Muslims, then turned into a tradition of celebration by people all over the world until now.
However, there are also those who say that the person who first celebrated the Prophet’s birthday was Sultan Salahuddin Al-Ayyubi. He is a leader who is good at touching people’s hearts.
Reporting from the Aceh Ministry of Religion website (14/9/2023), at that time Sultan Salahuddin held a Mawlid celebration whose aim was to revive the spirit of Muslims to fight to defend the Islamic religion during the Crusades.
Then, the commemoration of the Prophet’s birthday spread to various Islamic countries, including Indonesia. The commemoration of the Prophet’s birthday in Indonesia began to develop in the Wali Songo era around 1404 AD which continues to this day.
This year, the commemoration of the Birthday of the Prophet SAW 12 Rabiul Awwal 1445 is based on the Latest Ministerial Decree 3 2023, which coincides with 27-28 September 2023. This is a complete review of the history of the Birthday of the Prophet Muhammad SAW. Hope it is useful!
Contributor: Ulil Azmi