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Insertizen in reading the Al-Qur’an, you must understand the laws of reading when reading the Al-Qur’an. Mistakes in reading the Qur’an can affect or change its meaning and meaning.
One of the readings on the science of tajwid that Muslims must study is the law of reading alif lam. Alif lam law is divided into two, namely Al-Qomariyah and Syamsiah. Al-Qomariyah teaches how to read the Koran properly and correctly.
So, insertizen, what are the rules for reading Al-Qomariyah and Syamsiah? Please pay attention to the following information, OK?
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What is Al-Qomariyah and Syamsiah Reading?
Muslims must be familiar with the science of tajwid, the law of reading nun mati and mim mati. However, there is another reading law that must be understood, namely the law of alif lam.
Alif Lam law is the provision of reading alif lam mati followed by one of the hijaiyah letters. The alif lam law also depends on the hijaiyah letters that follow the dead alif lam letters. The alif lam law is divided into two, namely Alif lam Al-Qomariyah and alif lam Syamsiah.
The difference between Al-Qomariyah and Syamsiah lies in the provisions for reading Alif Lam Mati. Al-Qomariyah law is a provision for reading alif lam mati clearly or izhar. Lam sukun in the reading is read clearly.
While the rule of Alif lam Syamsiah is to read the alif lam mati by adding or adding to the letters Syamsiah. In Alif lam Syamsiah’s alif lam there is no movement of bread, but in Alif lam Al-Qomariyah’s alif lam there is movement of bread.
The meaning of Al-Qomariyah?
Al-Qomariyah comes from the word qamar which means moon. In the science of recitation, Alif Lam is compared to a star. Al-Qomariyah is also one of the sciences of tajwid which is important to learn how to pronounce letters according to their makhraj and give them their rights and characteristics with the aim of avoiding errors in the verbal pronunciation of the letters in the Qur’an.
So the letters Al-Qomariyah are likened to the moon and stars which will remain visible when exposed to moonlight. Until the letters Al-Qomariyah that meet al will still be visible and read clearly.
Al-Qomariyah letters consist of 14 letters, namely alif (ا ), ba’ (ب), jim (ج), ha (ح), kha (خ), ’Ain (ع), Ghain (غ), Fa (ف ), Qaf (ق), Kaf (ك), Mim (م), Wawu (و), Ha (ه) and Ya (ي).
Characteristics of Al-Qomariyah Reading
After knowing the letters of Al-Qomariyah, here are the characteristics of reading Al-Qomariyah:
The alif lam has the movement of sukun or die Letter after Al-there is no movement of tasydid The way of reading is clear (Izhar)
Example of Al-Qomariyah Reading
The following insertizen is an example of reading Al-Qomariyah in a letter of the Koran:
1. Surat Al-Humazah verse 4
No, let them be thrown into ruin.
Arab Latin: Kalla layum ba zanna fil hutamah
The reason it is read like that is because alif lam meets the letter ha (ح).
2. Surat Al-Baqarah verses 2
Arabic Latin: żālikal-kitābu
The reason it is read like that is because alim lam meets the letter kaf (ك).
3. Surah At-Tin Verse 3
This is a safe country
Arab Latin: wa hazal baladil amini
The reason is because Alif Lam met Ba (ب)
4. Surat Al-Buruj verse 15
And He is the Forgiving
Arabic Latin: wahuwal gafuru
The reason it is read like that is because alif lam meets the letter ‘ain (ع)
5. Surat Al-Ghasyiyah verse 19
And to the mountains, how they are set up
Arab Latin: wa ilal Jibaali kaifa nushibat
The reason it is read is because alif lam meets the letter jim (ج)
6. Surat Al-Buruj verse 4
The companion of Al-Akhdoud was killed
Arabic Latin: kutila ashaabul ukhduud
The reason it is read is because alif lam meets the letter kha (خ)
7. Surat Al-Ghasyiyah verse 1
Did the hadith of the Ghashiya come to you?
Arab Latin: hal ataaka hadiitsul ghaasyiyah
The reason it is read like that is because alif lam meets the letter ghain (غ)
8. Surat Al-Buruj verse 11
That is the great victory
Arab Latin: dzaalikal fauzul kabir
The reason it is read like that is because alif lam meets the letter fa (ف)
9. Surat Al-Qariah verse 3
And I don’t know what the Qara’ah is
Arab Latin: wamaa adrakamal qoori’ah
The reason it is read like that is because alif lam meets the letter qaf (ق)
10. Surat Al-Baqarah verses 2
Show us the straight path
Arab Latin: Ihdinash Shiraathal Mustaqiim
The reason it is read like that is because alif lam meets the letter mim (م).
Differences in Al-Qomariyah and Syamsiah Readings
So, the differences between Al-Qomariyah and Syamsiah readings are as follows:
Judging from the letters of the two reading laws, the differences are clear. In the law of reading “Al” Qomariyah, letters that meet Al are called Al-Qomariyah letters, while in the law of reading “Al” Syamsiyah, letters that meet “Al” are called Syamsiyah letters.
The difference between the two reading laws is clear. Al-Qomariyah is read clearly (izhar) and is not affected by the letters that meet it, namely the Al-Qomariyah letters which are 14 in number, whereas in Al-Syamsiyah, Al is not read clearly (izhar) but disappears and dissolves into the letters -Letter Syamsiyah who met him.
To make it easier to identify the differences between the two reading laws, you can look at the form of writing in each pronunciation in the two laws. The law of reading Al-Qomariyah, “Al” is marked with the harakat of breadfruit. While “Al” Syamsiyah, “A'” is not marked with the harakat sukun, but with the harakat tasydid.
So, the following insertizen has explained the reading of Al-Qomariyah in the Koran. Hopefully it can be useful, OK?
Also watch the following video: