Mushrooms are often an everyday food that is very easy to cook. We can find so many types, both edible and non-edible or poisonous. Do you know what types of poisonous mushrooms are?
There is one type that is said to be the deadliest and unfortunately, its shape is similar to toadstools in general. According to The Guardian, the death cap mushroom with the Latin name Amanita phalloides is thought to be the cause of 90% of deaths by fungi every year globally. This mushroom is back in the spotlight after 3 Australians died from ingesting death cap mushrooms last August.
Mushrooms that look like edible toadstools have apparently been found in various countries, but in ways that are still unknown. Let’s get to know the death cap mushroom further through the summary from the following National Geographic page!
Get to know the shape and poison of the deadly toadstool
UNSPECIFIED – APRIL 02: Cluster of Death cap (Amanita phalloides), Amanitaceae. (Photo by DeAgostini/Getty Images)/ Foto: Getty Images/DeAgostini
Death cap mushrooms can grow up to 15 cm high. Even though it is similar to an edible mushroom, you can recognize the death cap from its slender shape with a fairly wide dome and a yellowish or green hue visible on the top. White gills are visible on the underside of the dome as well as paler white roots. However, for younger mushrooms, the dome shape is more rounded, Beauties.
Based on the explanation of pathologist from the US Department of Agriculture, Milton Drott, Amanita phalloides has quite a unique poison. It is safe to touch, but death cap mushrooms contain the poison amatoxins which can prevent the formation of proteins in cells, cause cell death and organ failure if consumed by anyone, both humans and animals. This poison is also believed to be the fungus’ way of defending itself from predators so that it can easily reproduce.
The Cause of Circulation is Still a Mystery
Death Cap Mushroom/ Photo: AFP via Getty Images/WILLIAM WEST
The death cap mushroom originates from Europe and is found in abundance from Sweden to the south of France. However, currently it is increasingly widespread in various countries in the world. In the United States, this fungus is found from California to the western US.
There are many researchers’ hypotheses regarding the immigration of death cap fungi. A number of researchers theorize that the fungus can spread to other countries because of imported soil or trees. The fungus that usually grows on the roots of this tree is carried with it and grows when the tree is planted. It is also feared that this parasite will disrupt the local ecosystem, although it will still take a long time to have a significant impact.
Toxins Remain Even When Cooked
Foto: Getty Images/DeAgostini
The simple appearance of mushrooms can fool people who are not aware of their dangers. Drott explained that the death cap mushroom poison does not have an odor or show any easily recognizable characteristics.
Even though it is heated, the poison in it remains stable and is not destroyed when cooked. This also differentiates the death cap from other poisonous mushrooms which are only dangerous if consumed raw.
Symptoms that Appear When Consumed by Humans
Illustration of symptoms/ Photo: Getty Images/iStockphoto/Tharakorn
Because the poison does not disappear when heated and cooked, humans who eat it will be affected by the poison. According to The Guardian, symptoms of poisoning will appear within a few hours after consumption, namely nausea, diarrhea and other symptoms of stomach pain which will continue to develop for 6 to 12 hours.
Within just one day to a week after consuming death cap mushrooms, the person can experience liver failure, kidney failure, encephalopathy, and death.
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