Nowadays, women’s role is not just to stay at home. Women in the modern era can even bring big positive changes not only to themselves, but also to the public.
Of course, there are many women in various parts of the world who dare to speak out and at the same time fight for the rights of women, children, society, and so on.
Reporting from Elle, here are a number of female activists who have succeeded in changing the world.
1. Susan B. Anthony
Susan B. Anthony/ Foto: Encyclopedia Britannica
Susan Brownell Anthony or better known as Susan B. Anthony was born on February 15 1820 in Adams, Massachusetts, United States (US). She was a pioneer of the women’s suffrage movement in the US and was president of the National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA) from 1892-1900, quoted from Britannica.
Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton gathered signatures to petition congress for the right to vote, urging politicians to consider a constitutional amendment. It was not until Anthony’s death on March 13, 1906 that the 19th amendment, also known as the Susan B. Anthony amendment, was passed in 1920.
2. Margaret Higgins Sanger
Margaret Higgins Sanger/ Foto: Encyclopedia Britannica
Margaret Higgins Sanger, who was born on September 14 1879, was an early proponent of Family Planning (KB). Sanger used his speeches and writings to convey messages. She opened the first birth control clinic in the US in 1916 and was arrested shortly after spreading information about contraception.
She believes that it is important to free women from unplanned pregnancies to bring about social change. Sanger eventually founded the American Birth Control League in 1921 which evolved into Planned Parenthood. Sanger breathed his last breath on September 6, 1966.
3. Rosa Parks
Rosa Parks/ Photo: Special
Rosa Parks, who was born on February 4, 1913, has become an icon in the civil rights movement for her simple act of resistance on December 1, 1955. At that time, she refused a bus driver’s request to give up her seat on a bus that separated seats between white and white people. colored people, in the city of Montgomery, capital of the state of Alabama.
Rosa Parks was arrested by the police, tried, and found guilty of violating the racial segregation laws in force at that time. He became an important symbol of desegregation and compliant protest. He died on October 24, 2005.
4. Betty Friedan
Betty Friedan/ Foto: Encyclopedia Britannica
Betty Friedan’s 1963 book, entitled The Feminine Mystique when it was first published, explored women’s traditional roles and advocated for the female gender to seek fulfillment outside the home. Friedan, who was born on February 4 1921, helped found the National Organization for Women and is known as one of the leaders of second wave feminism.
In 1970, she helped organize the Women’s Strike For Equality which aimed to fight for equal opportunities for women in the workplace and social equality.
The strike occurred on August 26, 1970 and more than 20,000 women gathered in New York to protest. This attracted the attention of many people, including President Nixon and is considered to be the trigger for the feminist movement in America. He died on February 4, 2006.
5. Coretta Scott King
Coretta Scott King/ Foto: Encyclopedia Britannica
Coretta Scott King, wife of civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr., played an important role in the African-American Civil Rights Movement. After her husband’s murder, King, who was born on April 27, 1927, expanded her focus to include women’s rights and world peace, and continued to advocate for equal rights for African Americans.
She founded the King Center in 1968 to continue her husband’s work and spoke at rallies and protests around the world. Furthermore, King died on January 30, 2006.
6. Heather Jarvis and Sonya Barnett
Heather Jarvis and Sonya Barnett/ Photo: Special
In 2001, Heather Jarvis founded SlutWalk with Sonya Barnett. Jarvis and Barnett, who were students at the time, were outraged by a statement by a member of the Toronto Police Service who said, “if women don’t want to be victims, they have to stop dressing like prostitutes.”
Women in other cities have felt moved to join SlutWalks to reclaim the idea that consent is the only thing that matters.
7. Wangari Maathai
Wangari Maathai/ Photo: Encyclopedia Britannica
Wangari Maathai, who was born on April 1 1940, is a Kenyan-born activist who founded the Green Belt Movement, an environmental organization that focuses on tree planting, conservation and women’s rights.
Maathai, who died on September 25 2011, became the first African woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize in 2004 for her contribution to sustainability and peace. He worked tirelessly throughout his life to encourage countries in Africa to plant trees and establish plant nurseries because they can help fight deforestation, hunger and water crises.
8. Malala Yousafzai
Malala Yousafzai/ Foto: Encyclopedia Britannica
Reporting from Britannica, Malala Yousafzai, who was born on July 12 1997 in Mingora, Swat Valley, Pakistan as a teenager, spoke openly against the ban on girls’ education imposed by the Pakistani Taliban.
Malala came to public attention when she survived an assassination attempt at the age of 15. Then, in 2014 he and Kailash Satyarthi were jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in recognition of their efforts in the name of child rights.
These are eight female activists who have succeeded in changing the world. In fact, there are many other brave women all over the world who are fighting for their rights. Do you have any idols, Beauties?
Want to be one of the readers who can take part in various exciting events at Beautynesia? Come on, join the Beautynesia reader community, B-Nation. How to REGISTER HERE!