Measles, rubella and mumps are diseases that often attack children. However, this condition can be prevented by administering the MMR (measles, mumps and rubella) vaccination.
Because they have a low immune system, children are susceptible to various diseases, Mother. For example, measles, rubella and mumps.
The measles virus can cause ear infections, diarrhea and lung infections. It is not uncommon for the measles virus to cause brain damage and even death for sufferers.
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Just like measles, mumps can also be fatal for those who are infected. Some cases of mumps even cause deafness, swelling of the lining of the brain, and swelling of the testicles or ovaries. Meanwhile, rubella can cause miscarriages in pregnant women and babies will experience birth defects.
Prevention of these three viruses can be done by administering the MMR vaccine, Mother. What is the complete explanation of the MMR vaccine? Following is the review.
What is the MMR vaccine?
MMR is a disease caused by a virus and has dangerous impacts. Judging from the immunize.org site, before there was a vaccine, this disease was a common disease in the United States, especially in children.
To prevent MMR, your little one must get the MMR vaccination. The MMR vaccine is given because it has been proven to be effective in reducing the emergence of measles, mumps and rubella.
This vaccine can be given to children over 12 months of age or adults who have not received vaccination and are not pregnant.
Launching from the Cleverland Clinic page, the MMR vaccine is given by injection under the skin by professional health workers and nurses in their field. Before your little one gets this vaccine, you can first consult with a doctor to find out about your child’s specific condition.
Benefits of the MMR vaccine
The MMR vaccine is considered very effective in reducing the number of measles, rubella and mumps. Judging from the CDC page, after receiving the dose, the effectiveness that will be obtained is as follows:
About 99 percent of people will be protected from measles and rubella. About 88 percent of people will be protected from mumps. People who have been vaccinated against mumps, but still contract the disease, are less likely to experience serious complications or be hospitalized.
Protection against measles, mumps and rubella will begin to develop about two weeks after the child receives the MMR vaccine.
Dosage and timing of measles/rubella/mumps vaccine
Vaccination for measles, rubella and mumps is differentiated based on the child’s age, Mother. The following is the explanation:
MMR vaccine for children
Children must receive 2 doses of MMR vaccine which is usually done with the following conditions:
The first dose of MMR vaccine for babies is given when the child is 12 to 15 months old. The second dose is given when the child is 4 to 6 years old.
Pediatrician, Dr. Dian Sulistya Ekaputri, Sp.A, explained that there are three types of measles vaccine that can be given to children, including MMR. The following is a list based on the distribution schedule:
At the age of 9 months, children are given the MR vaccine, but if they have never received the MR vaccine until they are 12 months old, they can immediately be given the MMR vaccine. If the child is 18 months old, a repeat dose of MR or MMR can be given. The third dose of vaccine is given again when the child is 5-7 years old (in elementary school, in the BIAN program).
The effectiveness of these three measles vaccines is very high, reaching up to 95 percent at the first dose and 99 percent after the second dose.
MMR vaccine for adults
Not only children, adults also need to get the MMR vaccine. This vaccine can be given to adults aged 18 years or older who are susceptible to measles, mumps and rubella.
The CDC recommends 2 doses of the MMR vaccine for adults, especially for those in environments with a high risk of transmission of measles, mumps and rubella. They can get two doses of the vaccine at least 28 days apart.
Difference between MR vaccine and MMR vaccine
Illustration of a child being vaccinated/Photo: iStock
Basically, the MR and MMR vaccines are the same combined vaccine. It’s just that the MMR vaccine is much more complete, Mother.
Judging from the official IDAI website, it is stated that the MR vaccine is useful for preventing measles and rubella. Meanwhile, the MMR vaccine is given to prevent measles, rubella and mumps.
Procedures and methods for administering the MMR vaccine
Quoting from the CDC, the MMR vaccine dose is 0.5 ml given via the subcutaneous route. The minimum age to receive the MMR vaccine is 12 months, while the general age for receiving the second dose is 4 to 6 years.
The preferred injection site for children is the anterolateral thigh. Meanwhile, children and adolescents are usually given to the posterior triceps of the upper arm.
The MMR dose for adults is 0.5 and is given via the subcutaneous route only. If a second dose is indicated, the minimum interval between the first and second doses should be separated by at least four weeks.
Just like teenagers, the MMR vaccine in adults is generally injected into the posterior triceps aspect of the upper arm.
Side effects of the MMR vaccine
The MMR vaccine is very safe for children and adults. However, giving the MMR vaccine can cause non-serious side effects. For example as follows:
Sore arm from the shot Fever Mild rash Temporary joint pain and stiffness Small risk of having a febrile seizure and not long-term Some people may experience swelling of the cheek Temporary decrease in platelet count Rarely serious allergic reactions
Even though it has mild and harmless side effects, children who have experienced a life-threatening allergic reaction to the antibiotic neomycin or other components of the MMR vaccine should not be given this vaccine. Consult your pediatrician first, Mother.
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