Preventing pregnancy after intercourse can be done in several ways, Mother. One of them is by using contraception.
But, you need to know first. There are many types of contraception with varying levels of effectiveness. Some contraceptives are available without a prescription, while others require consulting a doctor.
“Contraceptive methods have different mechanisms of action and effectiveness in preventing unwanted pregnancies. This effectiveness is measured by the number of pregnancies per 100 women using the method per year,” wrote the World Health Organization (WHO) on its official website.
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Apart from contraception, Mother can also prevent pregnancy through natural methods. This method may not be as effective as contraception. But, there’s nothing wrong with using this method.
Mothers can also combine natural methods with the use of contraceptives. Then how do you prevent pregnancy after having sex with contraception and natural methods?
How to prevent pregnancy after intercourse
So, launching from several sources, here are 3 ways to prevent pregnancy after intercourse:
1. Emergency contraceptive pills
Emergency contraception pills are believed to prevent pregnancy after sexual intercourse. WHO recommends using emergency contraception within 5 days, but it is more effective the sooner it is used after intercourse.
“Emergency contraceptive pills prevent pregnancy by preventing or delaying ovulation and do not cause abortion,” WHO says.
NHK England explains that the use of emergency contraception can prevent pregnancy in up to 95 percent of pregnancies when used within 5 days after sexual intercourse.
Meanwhile, reported by Very Well Family, emergency contraceptive pills or the morning after pill can indeed be taken to prevent ovulation. The pill has been available for more than 30 years and is a safe and effective method of birth control.
“For effectiveness, emergency contraception needs to be used as soon as possible after unprotected sex or birth control failure,” says Health Educator Dawn Stacey, PhD, LMHC.
There are 2 types of emergency contraception pills that can be used to delay pregnancy. Launching from the WHO and Planned Parenthood pages, here are the 2 contraceptive pills in question:
Pills containing ulipristal acetate (UPA)
To use pills containing ulipristal acetate (UPA), a prescription from a nurse or doctor is required. There are types of UPA pills that are effective as ‘morning after pill’.
The contraceptive pill can be taken up to 120 hours (5 days) after unprotected sex. The pills worked just as well on day 5 as they did on day 1. WHO recommends that UPA be taken in a single dose of 30 milligrams (mg).
Pills containing levonorgestrel (LNG)
These pills can be found in most pharmacies. Emergency contraceptive pills containing levonorgestrel (LNG) are best taken within 72 hours (3 days) after unprotected sex, Mother.
Even after 3 days (5 days), the contraceptive pill can still be taken. But the sooner you drink it, the better it works.
Well, WHO recommends that these pills also be taken in a single dose of 1.5 mg, or alternatively LNG is consumed in 2 doses, namely 0.75 mg, 12 hours apart.
Illustration of birth control pills/ Photo: iStock
2. Non-hormonal copper IUD (paragard)
A non-hormonal intrauterine device (IUD) filled with or coated with copper that is inserted into the uterus to prevent pregnancy. This type of IUD can be inserted up to 5 days after unprotected sex, or up to 5 days after the earliest time you ovulate (release an egg).
The way this contraception works is to make sperm stop moving, making it difficult to reach the egg. Copper IUDs can also prevent an egg from attaching to the uterus.
As a contraceptive, this copper IUD can be used for 5 to 10 years. Even so, the IUD can cause side effects, such as longer, more frequent menstrual periods, so that menstrual pain appears.
“This IUD is the most effective method of emergency contraception. Less than 1 percent of women who use an IUD become pregnant. It is more effective than the morning after pill for preventing pregnancy after unprotected sex,” the NHS wrote on its official website.
3. Natural methods
This natural method is not related to the use of contraception, Mother. Methods cover the menstrual cycle and how to avoid sexual intercourse when entering the fertile period.
Quoting the Medical News Today page, a woman’s ‘fertile window’ generally lasts about 6-9 days per month and coincides with the time of ovulation, namely the release of the egg.
The natural method starts with identifying your fertile period. Outside of this time, Mother can have sex to prevent pregnancy.
Here are some signals or signs of fertile time that can be recognized:
Changes in cervical mucus (mucus) Increased sense of smell Breast tenderness Increased basal body temperature
If you already know the signs of your fertile period, you can start recording the beginning and end of your menstrual cycle for several months. Then, avoid or limit sexual intercourse during your fertile period and adjust the date calculations.
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