9 Characteristics of Dehydration in Pregnant Women during Fasting, Dizziness to Cramps
Dehydration is a condition that needs to be avoided when you fast. One way to prevent it is to know the characteristics of dehydration in pregnant women during fasting.
Reported by Medical News Today, dehydration is a condition when the body loses a lot of fluids. As a result, the body has difficulty carrying out its normal functions.
Dehydration is more common during pregnancy. Most cases of dehydration are mild, but it can be severe and dangerous for the mother and baby.
Dehydration in pregnant women during fasting
During fasting, pregnant women need to meet their fluid intake so they don’t become dehydrated. Obstetrics and Gynecology Specialist Doctor at Eka Hospital Cibubur, dr. Alexander Mukti, Sp.OG, said that fasting can reduce fluid intake and affect the amniotic fluid.
“During fasting, pregnant women will experience some changes. Although, there is no significant difference in fetal weight during fasting, what will be clearly seen is a change in the amniotic fluid,” Alex told HaiBunda, some time ago.
Fluid needs when pregnant women fast
If Mother decides to fast during pregnancy, then she must be committed to fulfilling her fluid intake. At least make a target to drink at least 2 liters of water between iftar until dawn.
As a reminder, Mother can drink 3 to 4 glasses of water when breaking the fast. The measure is to drink mineral water at Isha time, before going to bed, and at dawn.
“However, that’s all just an estimate of the fulfillment of liquid mineral water from a glass. Pregnant women can set their own time to consume fluids until they are fulfilled 2 liters from the time of breaking the fast until dawn. Sources of liquids can be from coconut water, syrup water, or fruits,” said Alex.
Knowing the need for fluids and the dangers of dehydration during fasting is important. But, Mother, don’t forget to recognize the signs of dehydration in pregnant women during fasting.
Illustration of fasting for pregnant women/ Photo: iStockphoto
Characteristics of dehydration in pregnant women during fasting
Launching from various sources, here are 9 signs of dehydration in pregnant women during fasting:
Dizziness, vertigo, or headaches, are signs of dehydration. Usually, the signs of dehydration in pregnant women during fasting appear when they are about to stand, kneel or bend over.
Quoting Mom Junction, dizziness occurs due to decreased blood pressure due to dehydration. Dizziness or headaches, especially migraines, are common signs of dehydration.
2. Urine is dark yellow
Another easily recognizable feature of dehydration is the change in urine color during fasting. Urine that is dark yellow that smells indicates dehydration. Conversely, clear urine can mean the body is sufficiently hydrated.
3. Mouth feels dry
Dry mouth can occur when the salivary glands or saliva in the mouth don’t produce enough saliva. This often occurs due to dehydration.
4. Weakness and cramps
Another sign of dehydration is weakness in certain muscles or severe muscle cramps. Cramps can be caused by electrolyte imbalances and reduced blood flow to the muscles.
5. Constipation or infrequent urination
Fluids help remove toxins from the body and keep the digestive system running properly. Lack of fluids can make the digestive system disturbed or constipated. Another feature is rarely urinating in a day.
6. Dry skin
Dehydration causes the skin to become dry and look sunken in some areas, such as under the eyes. The skin will also have lower elasticity when you are dehydrated.
7. Difficulty concentrating and focusing
Water levels that are too low in the body can make brain cells not function properly, and cause cognitive problems. In addition to difficulty concentrating, a feature of dehydration in pregnant women during fasting can also make them not focus on doing something.
8. Experiencing false contractions
During pregnancy, dehydration can also trigger Braxton-Hicks or false contractions, Mother. False contractions usually begin to be felt at 20 weeks of gestation with an irregular or intermittent frequency.
9. Low blood pressure
Low blood pressure is a sign of severe dehydration in pregnant women. When dehydrated, blood volume can decrease and cause a drop in blood pressure.
When blood pressure drops too low, the body’s organs don’t receive the oxygen and nutrients they need properly. This condition is dangerous and has the potential to cause shock.
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See also the provisions for paying fidyah for pregnant women who are not fasting during Ramadan, in the following video: