Can Fasting Pregnant Women Affect the Fetus?
Carrying out fasting in the month of Ramadan can be a challenge for mothers who are pregnant. Not a few argue that fasting pregnant women can affect their fetuses.
Then is it true that fasting during pregnancy can affect the condition of the fetus? What are the proper fasting guidelines for pregnant women?
Obstetrics and Gynecology Specialist Dr. Risma Maharani, Sp.OG., M.Kes, said that fasting is allowed during pregnancy. But medically, fasting can indeed affect the fetus, Mother.
When fasting, Mother can experience hypoglycemia or a condition with low blood sugar levels. This happens because of reduced intake of glucose needed to make energy.
The scientific explanation of fasting can affect the fetus
Medically, fasting can affect the fetus. So during fasting, we need glucose as an energy source. However, hypoglycemia occurs during fasting, which is a decrease in blood sugar levels,” said Risma during Live Instagram HaiBunda, recently.
When blood sugar levels fall, the body will use other sources, namely fat reserves, to produce energy. In this condition, ketone bodies are formed which are harmful to the body and can affect the fetus, Mother.
“If there is not enough (blood sugar level), the body will compensate by using other sources, namely fat reserves. This produces ketone bodies. If it is excessive or long in the body, ketosis can occur which can affect the fetus,” said Risma.
According to Risma, increased levels of ketosis can hinder fetal development. Not only that. Another risk of ketosis is the occurrence of preterm labor.
One of the things that can increase ketosis levels is lack of nutritional intake accompanied by symptoms of nausea and vomiting during fasting pregnant women. In most cases, Mother will lose energy sources from intake of carbohydrates stored in the body during nausea and vomiting.
“The fear (excessive nausea and vomiting) can increase the level of ketosis in the fetus due to a drop in carbohydrate intake, so that the body uses its fat reserves. This can result in obstructed fetal development and preterm labor,” said Risma.
Even though fasting can affect the fetus, this worship is not prohibited from being carried out. The risk to the fetus can be reduced in several ways, Mother. What are the ways?
Read the next page.
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See also the provisions for paying fidyah for pregnant women who are not fasting during Ramadan, in the following video:
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