What Is meant by Geostationary Orbit? Check out the Explanation
The definition of Geostationary Orbit may still be foreign to the ear. DOC ist’s photo
JAKARTA – The definition of Geostationary Orbit may still be foreign to the ear. This orbit is basically related to the location of a country’s communication satellite placement.
According to the University of Indonesia’s Faculty of Law website, geostationary orbit is a strategic orbital position used to place communication and defense satellites.
The satellite will be placed and will remain above certain parts of the Earth’s surface in its orbit.
Also read: Chinese Spacecraft Reconnaissance and Approach US Satellites in Earth’s Geostationary Orbit
A country will be able to obtain a geostationary orbit slot by submitting an application to the International Telecommunications Union (ITU).
Geostationary orbit is also known as geostationary Earth orbit and geosynchronous equatorial orbit.
The idea of a geostationary orbit that can be used for telecommunication facilities was published in 1928 by Herman Potočnik.
The discussion of geostationary orbits was later written by British scientist Arthur C. Clarke in an article entitled “Extra-Terrestrial Relays” for the Wireless World in 1945.
The article describes a current communications satellite system that can relay radio and television signals around the world.
Reporting from Britannica, a circular geostationary orbit 35,785 km (22,236 miles) above the Earth’s Equator with a satellite orbital period equal to Earth’s rotation period of 23 hours 56 minutes.