The civil society coalition considers President Joko Widodo’s speech at the Indonesian House of Representatives on August 16, 2022 regarding the resolution of past gross human rights violations that do not match reality. The Family of the Victims of the Semanggi 1 Incident, Maria Catarina Sumarsih, said that the conditions for resolving cases of human rights violations in the nearly eight years of Jokowi’s administration had declined.
In addition, said Sumarsih, the signing of the Presidential Decree for the Establishment of a Non-Judicial Settlement Team for Past Serious Human Rights Violations will strengthen impunity for human rights violators.
“This presidential decree will also close the demands and hopes of victims and their families in seeking the truth and demanding justice,” Sumarsih explained online, Wednesday (17/8/2022).
Sumarsih added that the issuance of this Presidential Decree denies the constitution and the Law on Human Rights Courts. This is because the mechanism for resolving cases of human rights violations has been regulated in the law. According to him, the government should not be afraid to resolve cases through a judicial mechanism. On the other hand, it obscures the completion of the case with the lure of assistance to the victim and the victim’s family.
“And everything that has been promised by President Jokowi has never been followed up,” he added.
KontraS Coordinator Fatia Maulidiyanti said that the formation of the Presidential Decree for the Establishment of a Non-Judicial Settlement Team for Past Serious Human Rights Violations did not involve the public, including victims and their families, as well as organizations that have focused on human rights issues. He is worried that this regulation will not represent the victim and the victim’s family. Therefore, he said, KontraS asked the President to cancel this Presidential Decree and ordered the Prosecutor’s Office to immediately follow up the investigation into cases of human rights violations from Komnas HAM.
“In the end, the result (read: regulation) is not representative and instead benefits the perpetrators. And the perpetrators began to sit in government and were embraced by Jokowi,” said Fatia.
Fatia said the previous government also had a number of ideas that seemed to show concern for victims and families of victims of human rights violations. These ideas include initiatives such as the Reconciliation Committee and the Truth Disclosure Committee in 2015 and the National Harmony Council in 2016. In addition, there are also discourses such as the Presidential Work Unit for Handling Serious Human Rights Violations (UKP-PPHB) which evaporated like previous concepts. .
Tuesday (16/8), President Joko Widodo delivered his State of the Union Speech at the Indonesian House of Representatives. Jokowi said that the resolution of past gross human rights violations continues to be the government’s concern.
“The resolution of past gross human rights violations also continues to be a serious concern for the government. The Truth and Reconciliation Commission Bill is currently under discussion. The follow-up to Komnas HAM’s findings is still ongoing. handle it,” he said. [sm/ab]