Indonesia has an emergency on sexual violence and harassment. Apart from being excited about cases of sexual violence that occurred at Islamic boarding schools in Jombang and at the Selamat Pagi Indonesia school in Malang, the public also highlighted the issue of sexual violence Sexual harassment is rampant on public transport.
As a result of rampant sexual harassment in public transportation, the DKI Newsdelivers.com Provincial Transportation Service (Dishub) plans to issue a regulation regarding the separation of male and female passenger seats in city transportation (angkot). This, according to him, minimizes the possibility of harassment in the angkot. However, The DKI Newsdelivers.com Provincial Government (Pemprov) has canceled the policy of separating passenger seats.
Reasons for Canceling the Segregation of Male-Female Seating Rules in Angkot
Illustration of angkot/ Photo: Wisma Putra/detikcom
Deputy Governor of DKI Newsdelivers.com Ahmad Riza Patria explained that the policy of segregating seats in angkot was canceled because the ratio of female passengers in Newsdelivers.com is higher than that of men.
“We originally wanted to implement this angkot, but based on input from various parties, including the community, it turns out that there are more female angkot users,” said Riza when met at Tebet Station, South Newsdelivers.com, Wednesday (13/7), quoted from Detik news.
She is worried that if the rules are implemented, the seats for female passengers will be limited. So in order to prevent sexual harassment, his party has prepared a number of mitigation measures. Such as setting up a custodial call center to providing education to public transport drivers. In addition, POS Friends of Women and Children (POS SAPA) in a number of public transportation modes belonging to Newsdelivers.com will also be optimized.
Previously, netizens on social media had also commented on the planned rules for segregating seats in public transportation. There are pros, but there are also critics. Netizens think that the segregation of seats is not effective. Starting from the angkot area that is not large, harassment that can occur with the same sex, to how the implementation of enforcement and supervision will be carried out regarding these regulations.
Illustration of a victim of sexual harassment/ Photo: RODNAE Productions
The head of Komnas Perempuan, Andy Yentriyani, also disagrees with the regulation. According to him, the segregation of seats for men and women in angkot will only make it difficult for passengers and signal a culture of blaming victims.
“For example, he insists on taking an angkot because it’s too late. If there is sexual harassment, he is considered responsible. Because it’s been arranged, he shouldn’t be sitting in that row,” he said. Detik news.
According to Andy, what really needs to be changed and paid attention to is the pattern of behavior that sexual harassment is a crime and is a heinous thing.
A New Public Transport Discourse Appears For Women
After the plan to separate male and female passengers in angkot was cancelled, the DKI Newsdelivers.com Provincial Government issued a discourse to provide female-only angkot. It aims to prevent sexual harassment on public transport.
However, just like the previous plan for the segregation of seats, Andy also argues that the discourse is ineffective. Andy touched on KAI’s policy of providing a series of KRL specifically for women.
If not transported on a special line, female passengers will board the line that is joined by males. Then, if there is sexual violence, the woman will be blamed.
Illustration of a victim of sexual harassment/ Photo: Getty Images/iStockphoto/Tinnakorn Jorruang
This policy discourse is considered to be able to trigger victim blaming or victim-blaming. When a victim experiences harassment in a non-women-only angkot, she can be blamed for not taking a female-only angkot.
“Especially angkot. I imagine that angkot must wait for female passengers to be full before they can depart. This will greatly hinder the journey, both female and male passengers,” he added, quoted from Detik news.
TPKS Law Can Snare Perpetrators of Sexual Harassment in Public Transportation
KRL illustration/ Photo: Getty Images/Mahardika
Indonesia itself already has a law to regulate sexual harassment and violence, namely the Sexual Violence Law (UU TPKS) which was passed on April 12, 2022. The TPKS Law is an affirmation that there is no room for sexual violence in any form in the country.
In Article 4 Paragraph (1), it is stated that several forms of sexual violence are criminal acts, including non-physical and physical sexual harassment. In Article 5 of the TPKS Law, perpetrators of non-physical sexual harassment can be sentenced to up to 9 months in prison and a maximum fine of Rp. 10 million.
Non-physical sexual harassment itself often occurs in public spaces, including in public transportation. Non-physical sexual harassment itself includes statements, gestures, or activities that are inappropriate and lead to sexuality with the aim of humiliating or humiliating.
Meanwhile, for physical harassment, as regulated in Article 6 of the TPKS Law, the perpetrator can be sentenced to up to 12 years in prison and a maximum fine of Rp. 300 million.
Want to be one of the readers who can take part in various exciting events at Beautynesia? Let’s join the Beautynesia B-Nation reader community. How to REGISTER HERE!
(naq / naq)