The Executive Director of Indonesian Political Indicators, Burhanuddin Muhtadi, said the latest survey results from his institution showed that the trend of public satisfaction with the implementation of democracy continued to decline. The survey was conducted from 17 to 21 September 2021 involving 1,200 respondents from all provinces in Indonesia.
The survey, which was conducted by telephone interview, had a 95 percent confidence level. Meanwhile, the error rate is 2.9 percent.
“So those who are dissatisfied with the performance of democracy in Indonesia rose sharply from 32 percent to 44 percent, while those who are satisfied fell,” he said in the release of the findings of the Public Evaluation of the Pandemic Handling, Implementation of Democracy and Recent Issues, Sunday (26/9). ).
Although the trend of public satisfaction with the implementation has decreased from the previous year. However, the latest survey shows 47.6 percent of respondents are quite satisfied with the implementation of democracy. Meanwhile, respondents who felt dissatisfied with the implementation of democracy were 44.1 percent.
“People’s faith in democracy is still strong. Dissatisfied respondents do not idealize other systems outside of democracy. But they have criticisms of how democratic mechanisms are implemented,” said Burhanuddin.
YLBHI Highlights Arbitrary Arrest
Responding to the survey results, Chairperson of the Indonesian Legal Aid Foundation (YLBHI) Asfinawati, said arbitrary arrests were one of the reasons for the decline in public satisfaction with the implementation of democracy.
“Why was democracy declining, we were able to record arbitrary arrests handled by YLBHI in 2019 there were 1,144 people arrested arbitrarily. In 2020 it became 3,539 and this is only in 17 provinces,” he said.
Then, the highlight of YLBHI regarding the implementation of democracy occurred in 2020, precisely in a demonstration against the Omnibus Law on Job Creation. Based on data from the National Police Headquarters, said Astinawati, the police arrested 5,918 people and of them 87 protesters were imprisoned during the demonstration.
“It means that 5,800 people were arrested for later release. That seems good but in terms of law and democracy it is not allowed because the arrest is only for the sake of criminal investigation. If there is no criminal case, it should not be arrested,” he said.
Not only that, the violation of freedom of expression on campus is also the cause of the decline in public satisfaction with the implementation of democracy.
YLBHI noted that at least three campuses were contacted by the State Intelligence Agency (BIN) regarding discussions held by students on campus. Then, hacking social media belonging to student institutions, activists, in 2020. Then, hacking cellphones of activists, and academics in 2021.
“It is mostly young people who experience this,” he concluded. [aa/em]