Hirohito was the 142nd Emperor of Japan known posthumously as Emperor Showa. Born in Aoyama Castle, Tokyo, April 29, 1901, Hirohito became the longest reigning emperor in Japanese history. He ruled from 1926 to 1989. Under his leadership, Japan was involved in various wars, such as the Manchurian Incident (1931), Nanking Incident (1937), World War II, and the attack on the US military base in Hawaii, Pearl Harbor.
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In 1945, during World War II, the US and its allies dropped powerful atomic bombs on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The losses suffered by Japan were so great, not only materially, the number of lives that were lost due to the atomic bombing was also very large. As a result, Japan experienced complete paralysis, which eventually brought the country to a crushing defeat from the allies.
When he heard the news of the bombing, Emperor Hirohito as the supreme leader of Japan at that time immediately gathered the remaining generals. The question of the number of remaining teachers confused the generals. Because, at first they thought the Emperor would ask about the army, instead of the remaining teachers.
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The generals then confirmed to Emperor Hirohito, that they could still save and protect the Emperor, even without the presence of the teachers. In response to these words, Emperor Hirohito said that Japan had fallen. This fall is because they do not learn. Japanese generals and soldiers may be strong in weapons and war strategy, but have no knowledge of the bombs the Americans have dropped.
Emperor Hirohito then added that Japan would not be able to catch up with America if it didn’t learn. Therefore, he then appealed to his generals to gather all the remaining teachers in all corners of Japan. Because, it is to the teachers that all Japanese people must now rely, not on the strength of the troops.
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Emperor Hirohito then moved to gather the approximately 45,000 teachers remaining at the time and give them direction. The presence of teachers at that time became crucial for all levels of Japanese society. Therefore, slowly this country can rise again from adversity.